Komet C/2012 S1

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Comet ISON shows up as a white smear heading up and away from the sun. ISON was not visible during its closest strategy to die sun, so many scientists thought it had actually disintegrated, but bild like this one from the ESA/oibrecords.com Solar und Heliospheric Observatory imply that a small nucleus may blieb be intact. Image Credit: oibrecords.com/JPL


How ISON got Its Name

C/2012 S1 (ISON) bear the benennen of the night-sky survey routine that discovered it, the international Scientific Optical Network. ISON is a kopieren, gruppe of observatories bei ten nations which have organized zu detect, monitor, and track objects in space. Ns network zu sein managed von the Keldysh Institute von Applied Mathematics, part von the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Du schaust: Komet c/2012 s1

The official international Astronomical union name des the comet is C/2012 S1 (ISON). Here's just how the benennen breaks down:

C suggested ISON it was not expected zu return to the inner solar system (even if it had actually survived its close brush with the Sun's atmosphere bei November 2013). Comets the are regular visitors such as comet Halley room designated through P for periodic comets, definition its orbital period ist less than 200 years.

2012 marks die year von discovery.

S designates the hilfreich month it was discovered an (last für hilfe of September).

1 method it was the erste discovered in that period.

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Overview

C/2012 S1 (ISON) was ns subject des the most coordinated comet observing campaign in history. End the prozess of a year, much more than a dozen spacecraft and numerous ground-based observers built up what ist believed to be ns largest einzel cometary dataset an history as ISON plunged towards a close conference with ns Sun.

Just prior to its closest approach to ns sun top top Nov. 28, 2013, Comet ISON went with a significant heating event, und was torn to pieces. What remained des Comet ISON appeared zu brighten und spread out, climate fade. We schutz seen comets come close to ns sun und disrupt and disappear before, favor Comets Lovejoy and Elenin in 2012.

Twelve oibrecords.com spacecraft and the international Space terminal observed and detected Comet ISON on die final stretch von its multi-million year journey from die Oort wolke to the solar corona.

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Discovery

Russian astronomers Vitali Nevski and Artyom Novichonok discover ns comet through the international Scientific Optical Network 0.4 meter telescope bei Kislovodsk, Russia.

Additional Resources

https://oibrecords.com/resources/814/how-oibrecords.com-space-assets-observed-comet-ison/